lily of the valley may 1st

Freshness guaranteed: Our flowers our locally produced, and delivered fresh in water. Delivery lily of the Valley. For the 1st of May you. Pleasantly surprised, the king adopts this gesture, and every May 1st, offers lilies to the women of the court. Steeped in tradition and history, the lily of the valley flower is a very special gift in France during the month of May. As the month of May draws near, the.

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Lily of the valley may 1st -

May Day / La Fête du Muguet in France is a public holiday / a jour fériés to celebrate workers rights! in the UK we tend to move public holiday days to the Monday but as with most jour fériés in France they stay on the day the occur. It is also an occasion to present Muguet / Lily of the Valley or dog rose flowers to loved ones, friends and neighbours. The day is also known as La Fête du Travail which never seems to happen in the Cle France Office!

So what do people do?

People in many areas give bouquets of Muguet / Lily of the Valley or dog rose flowers, I knew a friend who would cycle around the village and surrounding villages, in a rural corner of Mayenne, giving out single stem of Muguet to all her friends and take all day doing it!

The custom is particularly common in the area around Paris known as Ile-de-France. Families with children in the rural areas get up very early in the morning and go into the woods to pick Muguet. Individuals and flower stalls in urban areas sell bouquets of Muguet / Lily of the Valley on May 1st if you don't want to go and pick some yourself. There are special regulations that allow people and some companies to sell these flowers on May 1st without paying tax or complying with retail regulations, kerching!

Muguet is given on May day in France

In industrial towns some trade unions use the day to campaign for workers rights. Some people or even large organisations also use the day to campaign for human rights in general or to demonstrate against racism or highlight current social issues. 

Jour fériés:

May 1st is a public holiday. Post offices, banks, stores and other businesses are closed, Cle France remains open in the UK. Outside of tourist areas, restaurants and cafes may be closed. However, some stores in Paris, and other major towns and cities will be open. Public transport service schedules vary depending on where you live and where you want to go to. Parades and demonstrations may cause disruption to traffic in the center of large cities, particularly Paris, Reims, Rennes and Rouen. 

Now for the History Lesson:

King Charles IX of France was presented with Muguet / Lily of the Valley flowers on May 1st 1561. He liked the gift and decided to present Muguet / Lily of the Valley flowers to the ladies of his court each year on May 1st. Around 1900, men started to present a bouquet of flowers to women to express their affection. The flowers are a more general token of appreciation between close friends and family members these days and has not bee turned into a second Valentines day.

The eight-hour working day was officially introduced in France on April 23, 1919, and May 1st became a public holiday. May Day was not observed during World War II. However, May 1st became a public holiday again in 1947 and officially became known as La Fête du Travail (Labor Day) on April 29, 1948. Since then, it has been an occasion to campaign for and celebrate workers' rights.

We know it as just goof old fashioned May Day but, of course, it is also known as Labor Day in other parts of the world.

Symbols:

Muguet / Lily of the Valley and dog rose flowers are symbols of May Day in France.

The Romance:

Ever since its introduction from Japan to Europe in the Middle Ages (bet you did not know that!) Muguet / Lily of the Valley has been regarded as a lucky charm by the Celtic folks from many countries.

There was also an old European tradition of 'bals de muguet' or Muguet dances; once a year, this was a rare occasion for young singles to meet without having to get parents’ permission. The girls would dress in white and the boys would wear a sprig of muguet as a buttonhole, how very quaint.

From around 1900, it became traditional in France for men to present a bouquet of flowers to their sweethearts to express their love and affection. Nowadays, sadly of course, the romance has drifted out of the tradition and 'Muguet ' flowers are really only given as a general token of appreciation between close friends and family members.

Blog submitted by: Sharon at The French Property Network - Cle France.

Источник: https://www.clefrance.co.uk/18-blog/living-in-france/247-may-day-in-france

May Day (La Fête du Muguet, La Fête du Travail) in France is a public holiday to campaign for and celebrate workers rights. It is also an occasion to present lily-of-the-valley or dog rose flowers to loved ones.

Is Labor Day / May Day a Public Holiday?

Labor Day / May Day is a public holiday. It is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed.

In 2021, it falls on a Saturday, and some businesses may choose to follow Saturday opening hours.

What Do People Do?

People in many areas give bouquets of lily-of-the-valley or dog rose flowers to loved ones. This custom is particularly common in the area around Paris known as Île-de-France. Families with children in country areas get up early in the morning and go into the woods to pick the flowers. Individuals and labour organizations in urban areas sell bouquets of lily of the valley on the street on May 1. There are special regulations that allow people and some organizations to sell these flowers on May 1 without paying tax or complying with retail regulations.

Trade unions and other organizations organize parades and demonstrations to campaign for workers rights on May 1. People may also use these events to campaign for human rights in general, to demonstrate against racism or highlight current social issues. 

Public Life

May 1 is a public holiday. Post offices, banks, stores and other businesses are closed. Outside of tourist areas, restaurants and cafes may be closed. However, some stores in Paris, as well as at airports and railway stations and along major highways, may be open. Public transport service schedules vary depending on where one lives and intends to travel. Parades and demonstrations may cause disruption to traffic in the centers of large cities, particularly Paris.

Background

King Charles IX of France was presented with lily of the valley flowers on May 1, 1561. He liked the gift and decided to present lily of the valley flowers to the ladies of his court each year on May 1. Around 1900, men started to present a bouquet of lily of the valley flowers to women to express their affection. The flowers are a more general token of appreciation between close friends and family members these days.

The eight-hour working day was officially introduced in France on April 23, 1919, and May 1 became a public holiday called Fête internationale des Travailleurs (International Worker's Day). During World War II, the Vichy regime renamed the holiday to Fête du Travail et de la Concorde sociale (Work and Social Unity Day). Between 1944 and 1947, there was no holiday on May 1. It officially became known as La Fête du Travail (Labor Day) on April 29, 1948. Since then, it has been an occasion to campaign for and celebrate workers' rights. The day is also known as Labor Day in other parts of the world.

Symbols

The lily of the valley and dog rose flowers are symbols of May Day in France.

About Labor Day / May Day in Other Countries

Read more about Labor Day / May Day.

Labor Day / May Day Observances

While we diligently research and update our holiday dates, some of the information in the table above may be preliminary. If you find an error, please let us know.

Источник: https://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/france/labor-day

Is May 1st lily of the valley a little, a lot or not at all green?

On the eve of May 1, the horticulturalists of the Nantes region no longer know where to look.

We had to recruit seasonal workers, pick, load and condition this flower, symbol of Labor Day.

"The weather was ideal, it came out just in time," explains Frédérique, in Saint-Philbert-de-Grand-Lieu (Loire-Atlantique), in the heart of the producing region.

In 2020, the bells had been left in the fields because of the confinement, a real heartbreak.

But not this year.

Tons and tons of these fragrant white flowers will be well sold this Friday: 60 million sprigs and 2 million pots for Nantes market gardeners who claim 90% of production.

Specificity of lily of the valley, all these bells must be flowered and ready on the stalls on the same day.

A tour de force, "which requires not very natural refrigeration and precision logistics that do not match our values," said Hortense Harang, creator of the Fleurs here brand.

She still sells a few bouquets with white bells, but only from a small producer in Sarthe and destined for the Paris region.

Look for the label

The claws (a kind of root) remain in the ground for five years and the bells do not appear until the third year. To have pretty flowers at the end of April, the plants are "forced", sometimes kept in hibernation until mid-March in the "Nantes tunnels", plasticized protections or under frames. Once hatched, the flowers are kept in refrigerated rooms. Some of the producers are making efforts: in the florist or in the supermarket, their products can be recognized by the “fleurs de France” or “plant blue” labels.

These logos mean that horticulturalists respect serious environmental specifications recognized by the Ministry of Agriculture.

“For logistics or refrigeration, there are no requirements.

On the other hand, on inputs, renewable energies or water management, real efforts are being made ”, explains Sylvie Robert, general delegate of the association Excellence vegetale, which promotes quality labels in horticulture.

Pick or plant

You may also prefer to pluck its sprigs in the forest.

It is also necessary to know the corners with lilies of the valley, generally in the shade, far from the paths.

"The flowers are smaller and more fragile than those bought from florists, but they have so much more value", estimates Béatrice, Ile-de-France, who is used to these lily of the valley outings in the spring.

Her advice: wash your hands well after picking because this plant, from the tulip family, "smells divine but it is poisonous".

Read alsoBut yes, you can also buy local and seasonal flowers

If this tinkerbell of the undergrowth is not protected, the National Forestry Office recommends not to exaggerate: too large a collection may be subject to a fine, or even criminal penalties.

The custom is to tolerate "what the hand can contain", ie ten to fifteen stems per person and not to tear off the bulb, so that it can reproduce.

The other option is to make your own harvest.

If you are offered lily of the valley in a pot, you can keep the pot and water it from time to time indoors.

If you plant it in the ground, it should bloom again the following year.

As long as you reserve a place for it in the shade.

Put your sprigs in the ground in October, to see it bloom in May.

Источник: https://newsrnd.com/life/2021-05-03-is-may-1st-lily-of-the-valley-a-little--a-lot-or-not-at-all-green-.HJ1sD_pwd.html

Celebrate May Day in France and find out how it became synonymous with Labor day. With a muguet (lily of the valley) in hand, hear about the annual traditions and protests of the Fête du Travail.

(As an Amazon affiliate, we may earn commissions for certain purchases. Please note, all information is provided for entertainment purposes only. See our disclosure policy for details.)

Like in many countries around the world, May Day on 1er Mai (meaning “the 1st of May), is a public holiday in France. Celebrating the start of spring, the occasion has merged with the International Workers’ Day to also celebrate labor and union rights, and the many benefits they fought for.

Known as Fête du Travail (meaning “celebration of work”), the annual holiday will see large demonstrations held throughout Paris and in larger towns across France. This is a public holiday like no other.

With shops and businesses remaining closed, street protests are organized by unions and political parties to campaign for workers’ rights and other social issues.

While both and left-wing and right-wing groups jockey for the microphone, the rest of the French population has the day off to enjoy the sun after a long and cold winter and offer each other a token of good luck.

Public holiday for the coming of Spring

Everyone loves a holiday, and the French are no different. May Day on the 1st of May has the added benefit of being next to another French holiday: 8th of May for Jour de la Victoire en Europe (Victory in Europe day after WWII).

Jour férié

English translation: Public Holiday

As you can imagine, with two holidays so close together, there is a lot of faire le pont, meaning “making a bridge” or stringing together a series of holidays and weekends together for a longer holiday. (Yes, the French are masters of this habit and have a specific saying for this.)

If you are trying to reach anyone at the office in France during this period, be prepared to twiddle your thumbs for a bit. And if you happen to be in France on May Day, be prepared to see all shops, restaurants, and grocery stores closed. A holiday really does mean a holiday!

Muguets for luck

Beyond holidaying and street protests, the most important tradition for Fête du Travail is and May day is offering a bouquet of flowers to friends and family. (Unlike the U.K., there is no maypole dancing tradition in France for May day.)

Lilies of the valley (known in French as muguet) are flowers that grow at the start of spring, and thus are ideal for celebrating the start of may. In France, you will notice that they are sold by florists, grocery stores, and street vendors all over town.

The tradition dates back to Greek times when wreaths of flowers were hung at the entrance to houses. In Roman times at the start of May, flowers were offered, the Florales, in honor of Flora, goddess of flowers. 

More recently, the offering of flowers dates back to the Renaissance when it was customary, in the countryside, to offer a branch to chase away the curse of winter.  In 1560, King Charles IX visited the Drôme countryside where he was offered a sprig of muguet. The following year he gave a bouquet of lilies of the valley to the ladies of the Court, as a good luck charm.  (You can read more about French royals here.)

The habit caught on and became massively popular in France. These days, the occasion is such a big deal (and big business) that the government issues licenses for who can sell muguets and who cannot.

Union and Labor Rights

Along with the spring, it is also a day that has become a day to celebrate union rights and labor laws in France. Unlike the U.S. and Canada which celebrate Labor day on the 1st of September, the date of 1er Mai for Fête du Travail dates back to the late 19th century.

In 1889, exactly 100 years after the French Revolution in 1789, a French politician named Jules Guesde created the fêtes du Travail on every May 1. It was to be a day of demonstration, with the aim of reducing from the working day to eight hours a day for 6 days, leaving Sunday as a day off.

Those May Day protesters wore a red triangle on their chests, with the three sides representing the division of the ideal day in three equal parts: work, leisure, and sleep. Eventually the triangle has been replaced by the rosehip flower, and then a small bouquet of the muguet tied with a red ribbon.

On April 24, 1941, under German occupation, Marshal Pétain officially established May 1 as “Labor and Social Concord Day” applying the motto Travail, Famille, Patrie.

After the war, the holiday disappeared, but soon made a reappearance as the former resistance fighters reorganized into unions and communist parties gained power.

By the 1960s, French workers organized and fought to expand their working and holiday rights, eventually introducing the 35 hour work-week and minimum 5 week holiday that employees in France have become accustomed to, and for which it has become famous.

Street Protests and Demonstrations

These days on May 1st, the large national unions such CGT, CFDT, and Force Ouvrière, organize their members into nationwide protests, the largest of which take place in Paris. Far-right wing groups like the Front National also usually protest on the day, as well as various political parties like the Communists and the Ecologists.

With banderoles and signs, demonstrators are given authorization to march from Place de la République in Paris to Place de la Nation or Place du Châtelet.

For locals, the most amusing part tends to be the number counts issued by each organization compared to that issued by the police. (Eg. the Police will say 2000 protesters, and the union will typically multiply that figure by 3 and say 6000 protesters. It happens without fail at every protest, with newspapers and TV reporters dutifully reporting both figures.)

These demonstrations do sometimes descend into violence however, so bystanders and locals usually take care to avoid the area the protests are held in.

So will you be headed to Paris for the 1st of May? If you enjoyed reading about May day in France, you may enjoy reading about more French public holidays and quirky celebrations.

A bientôt!

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Источник: https://snippetsofparis.com/may-day/

Overheard at the bar of my local café this morning (roughly translated):

– RATP worker on his break: “Did you get your Lily of the Valley flowers today?”

– Barman: “Yep, got some this morning on the way to work.”

– RATP: “Me too. Seems more expensive this year.”

– Barman: “I know. If you just take a walk around the forest you can usually find it for free.”

They actually went on for a bit, but the coffee machine drowned out their voices. I’m trying to imagine men in America picking up the little white flowers on May 1st to celebrate workers’ rights, although the French tradition was actually revived in the United States.

According to legend, King Charles IX started the Lily of the Valley tradition on May 1st in 1561 when someone offered him the flower as a symbol of good luck (a bit like the four-leaf clover). Afterwards the king offered the flower to the ladies of the court every May 1st.

Fast forward to the 19th century.

On May 1st 1886, American union workers in Chicago went on strike to demand an 8-hour work day. On the fourth day, the police killed a dozen workers when trying to disperse the strikers. A month later, Socialists gathered in Paris to celebrate the anniversary of the French Revolution, and declared May 1st would be an international workers’ rights day in remembrance of those killed. Their original symbol was a red triangle symbolizing 8 hours of work, 8 of sleep, and 8 of leisure. It eventually replaced by the dogrose flower, then in 1907 by Lily of the Valley (muguet in French) to recall Charles IX’s court.

May 1st was officially declared the Fête du Travail in 1941 by the Vichy government under the Occupation, in an attempt to boost workers’ morale. It has been a national holiday in France since 1947, and is celebrated in all European countries except Switzerland, Netherlands and the UK (which celebrates it the first Monday in May).

Источник: https://secretsofparis.com/featured-events/happy-fete-du-travail/

CÔTE D'AZUR & PROVENCE

Despite the corona crisis, lilies of the valley will be available for sale in France on May 1st - a tradition that is reluctant to go without. Photo: Bolanu Teslaru Andrei, PixabayIn France, the 1st of May is not complete without the traditional good luck charm of fresh Lily of the Valley (Muguet in French). Preparation for the sale of these precious white flowers starts three years in advance and if the flowers don’t get sold, they wind up in the bin! Roadside sales have been prohibited for the upcoming holiday, so how can you get these little white fleurs for May 1st? We’ve gathered a list of several florists in the Côte d’Azur who are offering delivery or pick-up.

Like many other local businesses, Florists (and their providers) have been hit hard by the confinement. So don’t stop at Lily of the Valley - make sure to support our struggling businesses and get some beautiful spring flowers to brighten up your home. Peonies and tulips are in season!

Don't hesitate to contact us if you have other addresses to recommend, we’ll update the list!
email: [email protected]

Cannes

Acacia Fleurs
92 Avenue Michel Jourdan
06150 Cannes
Tel: 04 93 48 13 13
www.acacia-fleurs.com

The shop remains closed but they are offering free delivery (from 20€) in Cannes and surrounding towns. Order before 29 April.

Roni Floral Design
9 Rue Teisseire
06400 Cannes
Tel: 04 93 30 09 64

-> See Juan-les-Pins

Sander-Smids
16 Rue Jean de Riouffe
06400 Cannes
www.fleuriste-cannes.com

Large selection of single flowers for 1€50 to potted plants and arrangements. See Facebook page for photos. They also work directly with producers in Holland for spring bulbs.

Juan-les-Pins

Roni Floral Design
06 rue Sainte Marguerite
06160 Juan-les-Pins
Tel: 06 14 62 25 47
Email: [email protected]
www.roni-floral-design.com

Le Cannet

Au Cannet Fleuri
58, blvd Sadi Carnot
06110 Le Cannet
Tel: 06 59 43 37 29
Email: [email protected]

L'Ami Martin
2, blvd Gambetta
06110 Le Cannet
Tel: 04 93 45 80 22 or 06 12 36 75 81
Email: [email protected]
www.lamimartin-lecannet.com

Mauvais Graine
89, Sauvaigo Square
06110 Le Cannet
Tel: 04 83 14 58 85 or 06 82 84 96 90
Email: [email protected]
www.mauvaisegrainefleuriste.com

Mi-fruit mi-fleur
42, chemin des Campelières
06110 Le Cannet
Tel: 06 09 09 64 05
www.mifruitsmifleurs.fr

Offering Lily of the Valley pots and arrangements. Specialty in making arrangements with fruits.

Montceau Fleurs
117, blvd Sadi Carnot
06110 Le Cannet
Tel: 04 93 68 75 39 or 06 45 99 43 48.
Email: [email protected]

Mougins

Fred's Florist
427 Ave. Font-Roubert
06250 Mougins
Tel: 04 93 43 40 59

Orders, deliveries, drive (order collection only). Information and orders on Facebook and Instagram. Every Tuesday from April 28th is a fresh arrival of peonies direct from an eco producer (without pesticide or herbicide). Stock is limited, make sure to order before Sunday morning.

Nice

Monjardin Florist
7 Avenue Notre Dame
06000 Nice
Tel. 04 93 85 14 24 or 06 65 61 81 77
www.monjardinfleuriste.com

3-strand Lily of the valley plants, extra quality with a nice flowerpot: 20€; with an orchid flower in a ceramic flowerpot: 25 €. Flower bowls in ceramic with 3- strand Lily of the valley and other plants of the season (white and/or pink) from 35€. Possibility of contactless delivery or pick up in the shop. For any order, please call.

Vallauris - Golfe-Juan

A Nos Racines
1515 Chemin de Saint Bernard
06220 Vallauris
Tel. 04 93 64 02 53
www.anosracines.com

Orders on the online shop before April 28th. Deliveries on 29 and 30 April to the address of your choice. Collection in the shop from Wednesday 29 April from 9am to 6pm. Information also on Facebook and Instagram.

Audace Florale
50 Avenue de la Liberté
06220 Vallauris (Golfe-Juan)
Tel: 04 93 61 37 39
www.audaceflorale.fr

Offering Lily of the Valley from local producers in the Var and ships throughout France. Also offering their regular selection of beautiful flower bouquets.

Источник: https://riviera-press.fr/insider/content/florists-reopen-lily-valley-save-may-1st

Lily of the valley

Colours and shapes

We get to enjoy this refined flower to the full during May and June. It brightens our days as a perennial in the garden or loose in a vase. The lightly curved stems can bear up to twelve bell-shaped flowers. Each bell has six petals which are attached to one another. If white isn’t your preference, then opt for the variety with pink flowers.

Every stem starts with two wide elliptical leaves, which appear to be cheering enthusiastically, and the plant produces red berries. In the garden you’ll quickly have a carpet of May bells. 


Symbolism

This flower symbolises absolute purity, youth, sincerity, and discretion. But most importantly, it symbolises happiness. This joyful symbolism means that it’s very important to give someone you love a bunch of lilies of the valley on the 1st of May.

This tradition of giving lilies of the valley is an old Germanic custom: a tribute to Ostara, the goddess of the coming of spring and the growing light. In order to honour this important goddess, the Germanic peoples threw lilies of the valley into celebratory bonfires as a sign of respect and to show that they believed in her divinity.

Origin 

Is it lily of the valley, or lily-of-the-valley? Lillium convallium, Convallaria majalis or May lily? The good news is that it’s all correct. The Latin name was Lillium convallium. Now the Latin name is Convallaria majalis. Convallis means ‘valley’ and majalis means ‘of the month of May’. This adorable flower is a member of the lily family, so it was given the common name of lily of the valley. 

The May lily has not travelled far, since it originates in Europe, as well as in the Caucasus and western Siberia. In the past, these scent bombs were a must-have if you had a country estate or castle garden. 

Источник: https://www.funnyhowflowersdothat.co.uk/lily-of-the-valley
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Lily of the valley may 1st -

Lily of the Valley

Fall Planning for Favorite Spring Flowers

Lily of the Valley / Convallaria Majalis

Lily of the Valley are the official flower of May Day. May Day is an ancient Northern European festival celebrating the coming of the spring. Traditionally, bouquets or baskets of Lily of the Valley flowers are given to loved ones and neighbors on May 1st.

bouquet of lilies of the valley

There is a home in the heart of Brooklyn whose front door is flanked with impressive planters that brim with Lily of the Valley flowers in mid-April through May. The scent and the happy look of the lilies make this home the most welcoming on the street.

When to plant

Lily of the Valley are woodland plants and they like the shade and chilly temperatures. They can thrive in growing zones 3 to 8. Click Here for US GROWING ZONES

To have flowers by May 1st, Lily of the Valley pips need to planted in November or December before a consistent freeze sets in. What is a pip? A pip is the small bulb-like rhizome/rootstock that when planted, will grow into a plant. Keep in mind, Lily of the Valley are perennials and get their full stride in their second blooming season. Don’t give up if the first year isn’t as abundant as you would like.

aaron-burden-gF_umQbT5tM-unsplash.jpg

Where to plant

Lily of the Valley can thrive as forest ground cover; they love dappled light. They are considered invasive and will take over flower beds. Therefore, containers and planters work well. When these perennials have finished flowering, they leave behind beautiful dark green leaves that complement summer annuals.

lily of the valley

How to plant

Soak pips in water for 1 or up to 3 hours. Dig 2 inch holes 6 inches apart and plant pips roots down and sprout-like top half an inch covered. Soil needs to be rich with good drainage. Give newly planted pips a good drink and then, they will be relatively self sufficient. These perennials will spread even in a planter and by thinning them out by simply removing pips in November to maintain 6 inches between, they will bloom abundantly for years to come.

Potted Lily of the Valley flowering plants are certainly an option in April although a bit hard to find.

Shop local if you can and on-line small if you have to.

growlily of the valleyspring flowersfragrant flowersspring garden planningfall planting

Источник: https://www.brooklynbackyard.com/blog/grow-lily-of-the-valley-fragrant-spring-flowers

Overheard at the bar of my local café this morning (roughly translated):

– RATP worker on his break: “Did you get your Lily of the Valley flowers today?”

– Barman: “Yep, got some this morning on the way to work.”

– RATP: “Me too. Seems more expensive this year.”

– Barman: “I know. If you just take a walk around the forest you can usually find it for free.”

They actually went on for a bit, but the coffee machine drowned out their voices. I’m trying to imagine men in America picking up the little white flowers on May 1st to celebrate workers’ rights, although the French tradition was actually revived in the United States.

According to legend, King Charles IX started the Lily of the Valley tradition on May 1st in 1561 when someone offered him the flower as a symbol of good luck (a bit like the four-leaf clover). Afterwards the king offered the flower to the ladies of the court every May 1st.

Fast forward to the 19th century.

On May 1st 1886, American union workers in Chicago went on strike to demand an 8-hour work day. On the fourth day, the police killed a dozen workers when trying to disperse the strikers. A month later, Socialists gathered in Paris to celebrate the anniversary of the French Revolution, and declared May 1st would be an international workers’ rights day in remembrance of those killed. Their original symbol was a red triangle symbolizing 8 hours of work, 8 of sleep, and 8 of leisure. It eventually replaced by the dogrose flower, then in 1907 by Lily of the Valley (muguet in French) to recall Charles IX’s court.

May 1st was officially declared the Fête du Travail in 1941 by the Vichy government under the Occupation, in an attempt to boost workers’ morale. It has been a national holiday in France since 1947, and is celebrated in all European countries except Switzerland, Netherlands and the UK (which celebrates it the first Monday in May).

Источник: https://secretsofparis.com/featured-events/happy-fete-du-travail/

May Day / La Fête du Muguet in France is a public holiday / a jour fériés to celebrate workers rights! in the UK we tend to move public holiday days to the Monday but as with most jour fériés in France they stay on the day the occur. It is also an occasion to present Muguet / Lily of the Valley or dog rose flowers to loved ones, friends and neighbours. The day is also known as La Fête du Travail which never seems to happen in the Cle France Office!

So what do people do?

People in many areas give bouquets of Muguet / Lily of the Valley or dog rose flowers, I knew a friend who would cycle around the village and surrounding villages, in a rural corner of Mayenne, giving out single stem of Muguet to all her friends and take all day doing it!

The custom is particularly common in the area around Paris known as Ile-de-France. Families with children in the rural areas get up very early in the morning and go into the woods to pick Muguet. Individuals and flower stalls in urban areas sell bouquets of Muguet / Lily of the Valley on May 1st if you don't want to go and pick some yourself. There are special regulations that allow people and some companies to sell these flowers on May 1st without paying tax or complying with retail regulations, kerching!

Muguet is given on May day in France

In industrial towns some trade unions use the day to campaign for workers rights. Some people or even large organisations also use the day to campaign for human rights in general or to demonstrate against racism or highlight current social issues. 

Jour fériés:

May 1st is a public holiday. Post offices, banks, stores and other businesses are closed, Cle France remains open in the UK. Outside of tourist areas, restaurants and cafes may be closed. However, some stores in Paris, and other major towns and cities will be open. Public transport service schedules vary depending on where you live and where you want to go to. Parades and demonstrations may cause disruption to traffic in the center of large cities, particularly Paris, Reims, Rennes and Rouen. 

Now for the History Lesson:

King Charles IX of France was presented with Muguet / Lily of the Valley flowers on May 1st 1561. He liked the gift and decided to present Muguet / Lily of the Valley flowers to the ladies of his court each year on May 1st. Around 1900, men started to present a bouquet of flowers to women to express their affection. The flowers are a more general token of appreciation between close friends and family members these days and has not bee turned into a second Valentines day.

The eight-hour working day was officially introduced in France on April 23, 1919, and May 1st became a public holiday. May Day was not observed during World War II. However, May 1st became a public holiday again in 1947 and officially became known as La Fête du Travail (Labor Day) on April 29, 1948. Since then, it has been an occasion to campaign for and celebrate workers' rights.

We know it as just goof old fashioned May Day but, of course, it is also known as Labor Day in other parts of the world.

Symbols:

Muguet / Lily of the Valley and dog rose flowers are symbols of May Day in France.

The Romance:

Ever since its introduction from Japan to Europe in the Middle Ages (bet you did not know that!) Muguet / Lily of the Valley has been regarded as a lucky charm by the Celtic folks from many countries.

There was also an old European tradition of 'bals de muguet' or Muguet dances; once a year, this was a rare occasion for young singles to meet without having to get parents’ permission. The girls would dress in white and the boys would wear a sprig of muguet as a buttonhole, how very quaint.

From around 1900, it became traditional in France for men to present a bouquet of flowers to their sweethearts to express their love and affection. Nowadays, sadly of course, the romance has drifted out of the tradition and 'Muguet ' flowers are really only given as a general token of appreciation between close friends and family members.

Blog submitted by: Sharon at The French Property Network - Cle France.

Источник: https://www.clefrance.co.uk/18-blog/living-in-france/247-may-day-in-france

Lily of the Valley

The Plant

The "flower of spring" or "lily of the valley", belongs to the Liliaceous plant family. Planting season begins in mid-October, and once matured, the plant will grow to measure 15 to 30 cm. It blooms between mid-April and mid-May growing small white bellflowers which develop into round berries between July and October. Beware to not eat the berries as they are toxic to humans. In order to grow, the lily of the valley needs moist soil rich in humus. Regarding its bloom, the flower blossoms under semi-shade which is why in the wild, it is mostly found at the foot of trees.

Lily of the Valley - Histoires de Parfums

The History

According to Greek mythology, the lily of the valley was created by the god Apollo. He created the plant to cover the grounds of Montparnasse so that his nine nymphs could walk along a soft and scented carpet.

According to Christianity, the lily of the valley came about from the drops of blood shed by a dragon taken down by Saint Leonard. It is from this story that the lily of the valley came to be known as a good luck charm.

The tradition of offering a bouquet of lilies-of-the-valley dates back to 1560 when the French king Charles IX, then living in the provincial city of Saint-Paul-Trois-Chateaux, was given one lily on May 1st. Pleasantly surprised, the king adopts this gesture, and every May 1st, offers lilies to the women of the court.

While this tradition dies down over the years, it makes a reappearance at certain occasions and reinstates its presence in France in 1936 when the Popular Front gets accorded paid leave.

In Perfumery

Since the XVIth century, the lily of the valley has been a highly deemed fragrance. But it belongs to the "silent flowers". Whether it be by distillation or extraction, the scent yielded is weak, and the process, expensive.

Perfumers thus decide to revisit the synthesis. In 1908, the Coty Laboratory discovers a molecule called hydroxycitronnellal, which becomes the main ingredient used to recreate the scent of lilies-of-the-valley in perfumery. In perfumery, the lily-of-the-valley represents the heart. The flower's potent scent makes it difficult to use alone. To soften this headiness, the fragrance is usually mixed with other floral scents (rose, lavender, iris, jasmine, etc.).
Written by Gérald GhislainИсточник: https://www.histoiresdeparfums.com/blogs/hdp-blog/lily-of-the-valley

CÔTE D'AZUR & PROVENCE

Despite the corona crisis, lilies of the valley will be available for sale in France on May 1st - a tradition that is reluctant to go without. Photo: Bolanu Teslaru Andrei, PixabayIn France, the 1st of May is not complete without the traditional good luck charm of fresh Lily of the Valley (Muguet in French). Preparation for the sale of these precious white flowers starts three years in advance and if the flowers don’t get sold, they wind up in the bin! Roadside sales have been prohibited for the upcoming holiday, so how can you get these little white fleurs for May 1st? We’ve gathered a list of several florists in the Côte d’Azur who are offering delivery or pick-up.

Like many other local businesses, Florists (and their providers) have been hit hard by the confinement. So don’t stop at Lily of the Valley - make sure to support our struggling businesses and get some beautiful spring flowers to brighten up your home. Peonies and tulips are in season!

Don't hesitate to contact us if you have other addresses to recommend, we’ll update the list!
email: [email protected]

Cannes

Acacia Fleurs
92 Avenue Michel Jourdan
06150 Cannes
Tel: 04 93 48 13 13
www.acacia-fleurs.com

The shop remains closed but they are offering free delivery (from 20€) in Cannes and surrounding towns. Order before 29 April.

Roni Floral Design
9 Rue Teisseire
06400 Cannes
Tel: 04 93 30 09 64

-> See Juan-les-Pins

Sander-Smids
16 Rue Jean de Riouffe
06400 Cannes
www.fleuriste-cannes.com

Large selection of single flowers for 1€50 to potted plants and arrangements. See Facebook page for photos. They also work directly with producers in Holland for spring bulbs.

Juan-les-Pins

Roni Floral Design
06 rue Sainte Marguerite
06160 Juan-les-Pins
Tel: 06 14 62 25 47
Email: [email protected]
www.roni-floral-design.com

Le Cannet

Au Cannet Fleuri
58, blvd Sadi Carnot
06110 Le Cannet
Tel: 06 59 43 37 29
Email: [email protected]

L'Ami Martin
2, blvd Gambetta
06110 Le Cannet
Tel: 04 93 45 80 22 or 06 12 36 75 81
Email: [email protected]
www.lamimartin-lecannet.com

Mauvais Graine
89, Sauvaigo Square
06110 Le Cannet
Tel: 04 83 14 58 85 or 06 82 84 96 90
Email: [email protected]
www.mauvaisegrainefleuriste.com

Mi-fruit mi-fleur
42, chemin des Campelières
06110 Le Cannet
Tel: 06 09 09 64 05
www.mifruitsmifleurs.fr

Offering Lily of the Valley pots and arrangements. Specialty in making arrangements with fruits.

Montceau Fleurs
117, blvd Sadi Carnot
06110 Le Cannet
Tel: 04 93 68 75 39 or 06 45 99 43 48.
Email: [email protected]

Mougins

Fred's Florist
427 Ave. Font-Roubert
06250 Mougins
Tel: 04 93 43 40 59

Orders, deliveries, drive (order collection only). Information and orders on Facebook and Instagram. Every Tuesday from April 28th is a fresh arrival of peonies direct from an eco producer (without pesticide or herbicide). Stock is limited, make sure to order before Sunday morning.

Nice

Monjardin Florist
7 Avenue Notre Dame
06000 Nice
Tel. 04 93 85 14 24 or 06 65 61 81 77
www.monjardinfleuriste.com

3-strand Lily of the valley plants, extra quality with a nice flowerpot: 20€; with an orchid flower in a ceramic flowerpot: 25 €. Flower bowls in ceramic with 3- strand Lily of the valley and other plants of the season (white and/or pink) from 35€. Possibility of contactless delivery or pick up in the shop. For any order, please call.

Vallauris - Golfe-Juan

A Nos Racines
1515 Chemin de Saint Bernard
06220 Vallauris
Tel. 04 93 64 02 53
www.anosracines.com

Orders on the online shop before April 28th. Deliveries on 29 and 30 April to the address of your choice. Collection in the shop from Wednesday 29 April from 9am to 6pm. Information also on Facebook and Instagram.

Audace Florale
50 Avenue de la Liberté
06220 Vallauris (Golfe-Juan)
Tel: 04 93 61 37 39
www.audaceflorale.fr

Offering Lily of the Valley from local producers in the Var and ships throughout France. Also offering their regular selection of beautiful flower bouquets.

Источник: https://riviera-press.fr/insider/content/florists-reopen-lily-valley-save-may-1st

Is May 1st lily of the valley a little, a lot or not at all green?

On the eve of May 1, the horticulturalists of the Nantes region no longer know where to look.

We had to recruit seasonal workers, pick, load and condition this flower, symbol of Labor Day.

"The weather was ideal, it came out just in time," explains Frédérique, in Saint-Philbert-de-Grand-Lieu (Loire-Atlantique), in the heart of the producing region.

In 2020, the bells had been left in the fields because of the confinement, a real heartbreak.

But not this year.

Tons and tons of these fragrant white flowers will be well sold this Friday: 60 million sprigs and 2 million pots for Nantes market gardeners who claim 90% of production.

Specificity of lily of the valley, all these bells must be flowered and ready on the stalls on the same day.

A tour de force, "which requires not very natural refrigeration and precision logistics that do not match our values," said Hortense Harang, creator of the Fleurs here brand.

She still sells a few bouquets with white bells, but only from a small producer in Sarthe and destined for the Paris region.

Look for the label

The claws (a kind of root) remain in the ground for five years and the bells do not appear until the third year. To have pretty flowers at the end of April, the plants are "forced", sometimes kept in hibernation until mid-March in the "Nantes tunnels", plasticized protections or under frames. Once hatched, the flowers are kept in refrigerated rooms. Some of the producers are making efforts: in the florist or in the supermarket, their products can be recognized by the “fleurs de France” or “plant blue” labels.

These logos mean that horticulturalists respect serious environmental specifications recognized by the Ministry of Agriculture.

“For logistics or refrigeration, there are no requirements.

On the other hand, on inputs, renewable energies or water management, real efforts are being made ”, explains Sylvie Robert, general delegate of the association Excellence vegetale, which promotes quality labels in horticulture.

Pick or plant

You may also prefer to pluck its sprigs in the forest.

It is also necessary to know the corners with lilies of the valley, generally in the shade, far from the paths.

"The flowers are smaller and more fragile than those bought from florists, but they have so much more value", estimates Béatrice, Ile-de-France, who is used to these lily of the valley outings in the spring.

Her advice: wash your hands well after picking because this plant, from the tulip family, "smells divine but it is poisonous".

Read alsoBut yes, you can also buy local and seasonal flowers

If this tinkerbell of the undergrowth is not protected, the National Forestry Office recommends not to exaggerate: too large a collection may be subject to a fine, or even criminal penalties.

The custom is to tolerate "what the hand can contain", ie ten to fifteen stems per person and not to tear off the bulb, so that it can reproduce.

The other option is to make your own harvest.

If you are offered lily of the valley in a pot, you can keep the pot and water it from time to time indoors.

If you plant it in the ground, it should bloom again the following year.

As long as you reserve a place for it in the shade.

Put your sprigs in the ground in October, to see it bloom in May.

Источник: https://newsrnd.com/life/2021-05-03-is-may-1st-lily-of-the-valley-a-little--a-lot-or-not-at-all-green-.HJ1sD_pwd.html
lily of the valley may 1st

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